January 8th, 1626 - November 23th, 1694
First intendant of New France of French origin
Jean Talon, born in Châlons-en-Champagne, France, was appointed by Louis XIV to be the intendant of New France at the age of 39. When he arrived in New France in 1665, the regional population was at about 3,200. Less than 10 years later, thanks to a policy of colonization and economic development, the population was estimated to be 7,600. Amongst Jean Talon's major achievements, we should mention the introduction of the 300 livre incentive for families with 10 children, a population growth strategy, and the foundation of the first Canadian brewery. He was at the origin of several flourishing industries and, in 1671, could proudly tell the French minister Colbert that he dressed himself from head to foot in clothing manufactured in New France. But his most long-lasting legacy was the setting up of a centralized royal, legal administrative regime.
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